Welcome to the fifth article of the « Draw me » serie !

This new article is all about Peru !

 

The “Draw Me” serie stemming from the Yakoilabas project, it is the result of the pupils of Quinson in front of the World.
You can find the information on our two series in links with the School of Quinson: Draw Me and Tell Me You in clicking on the respective links.

Draw me Peru is the fourth episode of the series in South America, you can find our articles about New Zealand, Bolivia, Argentina.and the Chile by clicking on the links.

So we left with a list of questions concerning the country, the inhabitants, the art and the legends and it is by means of numerous exchanges that we answered the curiosity of the children. Follow our searches and discoveries at first then discover the works of the pupils in the face of this new country! Enjoy the reading!

Our researches and discoveries

The country

“What is the meaning of the flag? How are built their houses? What looks like the country?” The curiosity of the children has no limits, these questions are a part of many more one that we settle by crossing a new country. Peru, its landscapes, its food and its inhabitants gave us an excellent impression. We only stayed one month on the country but we succeed to find all the answers!

This time we discover a two-coloured flag. The Peruvian standard is made up with three horizontal lines. Red on the top and bottom and white in the centre.

Something funny is that there is different interpretations about the colours. For some the red represent the blood of the liberation army and the white is Peace. For others the red comes from the Chilean flag and the white from the argentine one. It symbolises the two country who participated at the liberation army. Finally, a last explanation tells us that the red and the white are the colours of the flamingos that you can find on the coast near Pisco. We let you choose your favourite.

Peru is the third biggest country in South America and you can find three major types of landscapes: the coast, the Amazonian forest and the Andeans mountains. It is the country where the landscapes surprised us the most. Maybe because we were lucky to be there at the end of the rain season, enjoying the greenness of the Colca canyon or the Sacred Valley.

We have also felt very hot in Nazca region with its dry air and its 35°C…

Indeed, there are for every tastes!

From the North to the South, the East to the West everything change in this country and about the construction modes met, brick and adobe are the most use. The concrete only appears in some big cities, like Lima. The country is close to Bolivia with its unfinished houses and its many brick walls without cover, even if it is rarer. We almost have done a volunteering in Amazonia where the project was to build a Tambo, typical wooden hut from the forest region. Apparently, it is not this time that we are going to do wooden building.

The size of the country and its different climates give Peru the chance to produce a big diversity of food products. Pears, nuts, dry fruits, mangos, maracujas, grenadillas, different potatoes, different sweet potatoes, bananas, plantains, coffee, cacao,… and a lot of others. No problem to say that we had good times eating local products. The meat is present in any typical meals, even a cuy (guinea pigs) if you feel like it! Luckily for us, Cusco hosts a great number of veggie, vegan places. We have discovered amazing flavours! Concerning the GMOs and chemical products, they stay low. (See the numbers in our assessment of Peru)

We have also visit Incas’ ruins who used to be agriculture laboritory or terraces for culture. In each case, there are impressive rock constructions!

The inhabitants

“Their favourite sport? The international celebrities? Their pets? The resemblances and the differences with France?” Here is partially what wanted to know the children of Quinson.

No doubt about it, the football is the national sport! We lost the count of the number of person talking to us about the next France-Peru game which will be at the next World Cup…
We chose to share several celebrities with the school. First, the singer Zoila Augusta Emperatriz Chàvarri del Castillo (1922-2008). This descendant from the 23rd and last Inca emperor, Atahualpa, who was assassinated in 1533 by the conquistadors, is known for her high-pitched voice! This worldly famous prima donna use the name Yma Sumack, pretty flower in Quechua. Apparently her parents didn’t want a singer in their family, she had to train outside with birds. This is how she gains a voice reaching 5 octaves.

Our second celebrity only became a citizen of Peru at the end of her life and by means of her researches about the Nazca lines. Maria Reich, German archaeologist, spend more than 50 years in Nazca studying and protecting the lines. She dedicates her life to this cause and elaborates theory like the geoglyphs have an astronomic function linked to agriculture. Without her, we wouldn’t know those lines and the city, as the country, are fully grateful to her.

The pets are more diverse too! Cats, dogs and guinea pigs are present in houses! For the last one, the reason is often… gastronomic.

Because of the lack of volunteering in Peru, we couldn’t discover much habits about the locals. However, after few days in an Airbnb, we can say that they can’t get enough of sodas! We tasted and it remembered us of a yellow syrup that we had to drink when we’re child… A famous one is the Inca Cola!
It only miss to create the Moche Cola, the Nazca Cola and the Chimu Cola. Wait, we haven’t talk about it yet! Rendez-vous strait away in the following part!

Art and legends

Peru is charged of history and old civilisations vestiges. First we find the andine culture again: faces, music and outfits. Then, the country overflow with ruins open to the public or still under discovery. From 3000 before JC with Caral civilisation to the 18th century after JC with the conquistadores passing by the Chimus, the Nazcas, the Moches or the famous Incas, you will find archeologic sites everywhere!

The peruvian music also is similar to the one listened in Bolivia, but still different, listen to it hours in a crowded bus and you’ll see.

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It is the legend time! Strangely, we have hard time to find one. Even with all the civilisations, the legends we find on internet are all about the Incas and are often very long and complicated. As the last chance, we find a summary of Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo legend on the internet (thanks internet for the summary!).

Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, children of the sun God, Inti, and great children of the Maker, Viracocha, but also brothers and sisters, and husband and wife. They would have been born from the foam of the Titicaca Lake. Their mission was to bring civilisation to men and women after the great deluge, which devastated everything then create the future empire capital in a fertile place. This capital city should set up where the Manco’s sacred stick, gift from his father. Thing that happened in a valley close to the Huatanay river, where is now Cusco, “the world navel” in Quechua. Manco Capac taught men about agriculture and handcraft and Mama Ocllo taught women about weaving. To thank the sun, Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo chose to build a temple of the Sun. He ordered then an assembly with the surrounding tribes and presented himself as the son of God and great city maker. Starting the beginning of the Inca Empire.

As soon as we arrive in Peru, we had the pleasure to take a taxi with a very talkative driver! He praises the Peru gastronomy to us. According to him all the Chilean typical recipes come from Peru. “They even took the Pisco one!” he said. “But it is still better here!” He would affirm. Unfortunately for us, most of the Peruvian recipes are made with meat or fish. We could have chosen to tell you about the cuy (guinea pig) but not sure that everybody will like it out of the continent…The fish ceviche, on the other hand, should please more than one.

Ceviche recipe

It is with all these informations that Quinson’s pupils started to work on their vision of the country.

The pupils’ works

The national flag, the fabric, Inca’s legends and constructions, Peru gave for all tastes! Discover the pupils’ drawings and handcrafts!


 

Draw me Peru ends here! We hope that you liked reading the article.

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